Why does my PC run slower and slower? We have all asked ourselves that question on more than one occasion, and unfortunately we have not always given time with the correct answer.
The passage of time and the continued use of a PC can cause it to end up running slower and slower, but it is not random and not inevitable. It is always related to inappropriate habits , inefficient maintenance or a bit of both, although we may also find in some cases malware infections that affect system performance or errors or failures at the hardware level.
This simple summary allows us to understand why it can be difficult to identify what is behind a PC that is slow. It may not be due to a single reason , and that we also have hardware problems that are only rectifiable with the purchase of a new component.
Over the years a myth was created that says that PCs, especially those based on Windows , slow down over the years and that in the end it is essential to do at least a clean reinstallation of the operating system every one or two years. It is not true, and my computer is an example of this, since I updated to Windows 10 from Windows 7 Pro about four years ago and I have not had to do anything since then, beyond updating to the different semiannual revisions and flipping in punctual occasions with the sound drivers.
My PC uses Windows 10 and it works perfectly four years later . No, it is not a matter of magic, it is only a matter of following certain habits of responsible use and avoiding important errors that can end up irreversibly affecting the operating system.
I am aware of the importance that this has to enjoy a good experience with any PC, so I want to share with you a simple guide in which we will see five mistakes that can make our team go slower and that we must avoid at all costs.
1.-Installed programs and slow PC
Installing programs uncontrollably can make your PC run slower and has many implications. On the one hand, it consumes resources at the level of storage capacity and contributes to the fragmentation of storage units, making the reading processes slower. This is noted, especially in HDD units.
To this problem we must add another, and it is likely that we end up accumulating a large number of unwanted programs that, on Windows-based PCs, will accumulate in the “show hidden icons” section, located in the system tray of the taskbar All the programs that appear there have loaded during system startup and have a considerable impact on system performance, not only in terms of boot times, but also in general performance, since they consume RAM .
To avoid this problem it is advisable to be a little more selective when installing the programs we need, be very careful with the origin of them, since they can bring malware , eliminate those we do not need and disable the start of those that only We use occasionally. We can do it through the “Task Manager” of Windows , entering the “Start” tab and right clicking on those programs that we want to disable.
Last but not least, it is also advisable to use the Windows 10 dedicated storage unit optimization tool at least once every month. Do not worry, it will not affect the life of your SSD.
2.-Do not restart the PC with a certain frequency
There are many things that give the user “laziness” when he is working with his PC. Installing updates is one of the best known, but the issue of restarting the computer is undoubtedly another of the most frequent.
I know many cases of people who have spent days with the computer on, something that in itself does not have to be bad, but can end up affecting the performance of the system and make us begin to notice that the PC is slow. The reason is very simple, when we work with our computer we continuously use RAM , a fundamental component that largely determines the user experience that we will enjoy.
The RAM memory is filled and emptied depending on the use we make of the PC, but it is accumulating microcode remains that in the end can have a negative effect on the system performance.
Restarting the computer with some frequency (at least once a day) can provide some important advantages and help us to stop the PC from slowing down . These are the main benefits that a restart can bring:
- It totally downloads the RAM : it is a type of volatile memory, so when the power is cut it loses all the data it had stored. When the PC starts up, it is clean and prepared to face new workloads optimally, since it has disposed of the temporary files and the remains that may remain after too long use.
- Stops memory leaks : it is a problem that occurs when a program does not close properly. When we run a program it consumes a certain amount of RAM that is released when we close it. Well, this problem occurs when that portion of memory is not returned after a program is closed. In these cases a restart fixes the situation.
- It can fix various errors : restarting the computer can stop certain running processes and applications that are generating conflicts. Emptying the RAM also helps prevent workloads that are forced into the background. It’s a fact, a simple reboot can solve problems that seem to have no solution, and even help you with your Internet connection problems, so never underestimate it.
3.-Click without thinking
We have already anticipated it, responsible use is essential to make a PC work optimally for a long time. For this it is essential that the user has some basic notions about their equipment, about security and about the Internet.
In the first section we have referred to the issue of installing programs and applications without taking minimal control. Its impact is beyond doubt, but the problems that may arise when surfing the Internet and clicking where we should not be much more serious.
We do not have to go to the fake download links with malware to have problems, a “legitimate” download may be accompanied by unwanted software in the form of third-party tools that will end up anchored in our browser, in our start menu and may even in the system tray. Sometimes you can also change the default homepage and the main browser.
Most of these programs show at some point a notice in the form of a box that we must check to avoid its installation, but it is frequent that the user ends up bypassing it, since it is not usual to read the conditions that are displayed during the installation of a program or a download.
Clicking indiscriminately can make your PC go slower, and also lead you to suffer a malware infection from those that make history, so calm down. Think before clicking , even if it is a download you want and you are convinced that it is completely legal.
4.-A PC without maintenance will be a slow computer
Any PC requires a minimum of care , both hardware and software. It is something essential that, unfortunately, many users forget, either due to lack of time or pure laziness.
Never cleaning our equipment inside will cause dust and dirt to accumulate inside, in the components and in the dissipation systems. This is not a problem in itself, that is, a CPU or a graphics card will not break because it has a lot of dust on it, the problem is in cooling and heat.
With the passage of time a very marked accumulation of dust can reduce the efficiency of the cooling systems and generate an increasing accumulation of heat that can result in a case of thermal throttling. If we reach that point, the affected components reduce their working speed to prevent excessive heat from causing irreversible damage.
Maintenance at the hardware level is important, but we must also consider the weight of the software . Forgetting the updates at the operating system and driver level can lead us to lose stability and performance continuously, and leave our system exposed to security threats.
Clean the PC every six months, change the thermal paste with the appropriate frequency according to the quality of it and keep your operating system and applications updated. With these keys you will reduce the chances of your PC going slower and slower.
5.-Overcome the limits of your PC
I know it may seem a bit surreal, but it’s a classic. I have lived many times that scene in which a person complains that his PC is going slow and then I see that he has ten tabs open in Chome even though his computer only has 2 GB of RAM.
To give you an idea, the average consumption of Chrome RAM with 12 open tabs is 3.6 GB , so the previous case is self-explanatory, although obviously it is just an example of how important it is to be aware of the real possibilities of a PC in order to make optimal use of it.
If your device has low RAM you should limit the number of programs you run in multitasking and the applications you have in the background. In case you use Windows 10 having 2 GB will allow you to enjoy a very basic use, and with 4 GB you can access a moderate multitasking. The optimal level is 8 GB of RAM, since from there you can worry about the number of tabs and background applications.
In case the processor is weak, the startup times of applications and programs can be slow, even if you have an SSD , and multitasking should also be moderated.
When we use games, the graphics card plays a fundamental role, but it depends directly on the processor and RAM to offer its full potential, so we must value all these elements together to understand why our PC can work slowly with a particular game.
In short, the specifications of a PC are what determine the type of use we should give it. If we buy a PC with an Intel Atom CPU and 2 GB of RAM we cannot expect an optimal user experience. We must work with loads according to their potential if we do not want to immerse ourselves in a cluster of delays and loading times.